The effect of probiotics on improving the health and growth of sturgeon fish

Aquaculture is one of the fastest growing sectors of the food industry, and sturgeon fish occupy a special place in this industry. Sturgeons are known for their high-quality meat and caviar, which creates demand for them on the market. However, the cultivation of sturgeon fish can be associated with various problems, such as diseases, stress and low survival. In this regard, probiotics have become a popular tool for improving the health and growth of sturgeon fish. In this article, we will look at how probiotics affect the health and growth of sturgeon fish, their benefits and possible risks.
What are probiotics and how do they work?

Probiotics are living microorganisms that, with sufficient quantity, have a positive effect on the health of the host. They can be bacteria, yeast or other microorganisms and are usually added to fish food. Probiotics can improve the health of fish by strengthening its immune system, improving digestion and absorption of nutrients, as well as preventing the growth of pathogenic microorganisms.
Advantages of using probiotics for sturgeon fish:
1. Improving the immune system: Probiotics can stimulate the immune system of sturgeon fish, which helps them cope with infections and diseases. Their use helps to reduce morbidity and increase the safety of fish.
2. Improved digestion and nutrient Absorption: Probiotics can improve the digestion of sturgeon fish, which leads to better absorption of nutrients from the feed. This can reduce feeding costs and increase aquaculture productivity.
3. Stress Reduction: Probiotics can help sturgeon fish cope with stress caused by various factors, such as moving, changing water temperature or overflow. Reducing stress can improve the overall health of the fish and increase its survival rate.
4. Preventing the growth of pathogenic microorganisms: Probiotics can compete with pathogenic microorganisms for nutrients and habitat, preventing their growth and reproduction. This can reduce the risk of diseases and infections in sturgeon fish.
The industrial introduction of the microbiological complex "Bonaka-APK" with probiotic effect in sturgeon pools allowed to increase the gain to 6%, reduce feed conversion to 15.4%, increase the fatness coefficient to 23.8%. In addition, the hydrochemical parameters of the water have significantly improved due to the neutralization of toxic effects when low-quality feed and chemicals enter the pool water. Studies have shown a significant increase in normal microflora. The survival rate of sturgeon was 100%.
The microbiological complex "Bonaka-APK" for aquaculture with probiotic effect is a powerful tool for improving the health and growth of sturgeon fish, reducing morbidity and increasing productivity.