In a special UN report published in 2020, the massive use of antibiotics in agriculture in the production of meat, milk, eggs, as well as in fish farming, was recognized as one of the main reason for this situation. According to research, they are now used in a much larger scale to stimulate the growth of muscle mass in animals than for the treatment of people in medicine. In addition to accumulation in food products, antibacterial drugs used in livestock complexes, in fisheries and poultry farms penetrate the soil and groundwater along with production waste. This, in turn, leads all crop production also becoming potentially dangerous.
Given the unprecedented level of impending danger, the economically developed countries of the world are introducing severe restrictions on the circulation of agricultural antibacterial drugs. For example, back in 2006, the EU countries introduced a total ban on the use of antibiotics in animal husbandry as growth-stimulating feed additives, and another ban on the import of any products grown with their use in 2009.
By Decree No. 97 "On the fundamentals of the state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of ensuring chemical and biological safety for the period up to 2025 and beyond" dated 11th March 2019, President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin attributed the spread of antimicrobial resistance to the main biological threats to national security. In turn, the Eurasian Economic Commission Council prepared draft rules for regulating the circulation of veterinary medicinal products within the customs territory of the Eurasian Economic Union, which prohibit the use of antibacterial and chemotherapeutic drugs for the purposes of increasing the productivity of farm animals and for preventive purposes. . If the new rules come into force, this ban will be valid on the territory of all Eurasian Economic Union member countries - Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
At present, antibiotic resistance is officially recognized as one of the most serious threats to the existence of mankind. Many well-known scientists are warning about the rapid growth of the number of superbugs that can lead to the collapse of the entire modern healthcare system. Currently, about 700 thousand people die every year due to a sharp decrease in the effectiveness of antibacterial drugs around the world. In the next three decades, unless the most drastic measures are taken, the number of such deaths could rise up to 10 million.